US 11,053,780 B2
Pressurized test device and method for in-situ mining natural gas hydrates by jets
Chen Chen, Jilin (CN); Ying Zhang, Jilin (CN); Dongbin Pan, Jilin (CN); Jiang Zhu, Jilin (CN); Lianghao Zhai, Jilin (CN); Xitong Li, Jilin (CN); Han Zhang, Jilin (CN); Ying Zhu, Jilin (CN); and Chengcai Jin, Jilin (CN)
Assigned to Jilin University, Changchun (CN)
Filed by Jilin University, Jilin (CN)
Filed on Jan. 16, 2020, as Appl. No. 16/744,460.
Claims priority of application No. 201910052889.0 (CN), filed on Jan. 21, 2019.
Prior Publication US 2020/0232305 A1, Jul. 23, 2020
Int. Cl. E21B 43/01 (2006.01); E21B 47/07 (2012.01); E21B 7/18 (2006.01); E21B 43/18 (2006.01); E21B 43/36 (2006.01); E21B 41/00 (2006.01)
CPC E21B 43/01 (2013.01) [E21B 7/18 (2013.01); E21B 43/18 (2013.01); E21B 43/36 (2013.01); E21B 47/07 (2020.05); E21B 41/0099 (2020.05)] 5 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A pressurized test device for in-situ mining natural gas hydrates by jets, comprising an injection system, a jet breakup system, an annular pressure system, an axial pressure system, a backpressure system, a vacuum system, a simulation system, a collecting and processing system and a metering system;
the injection system, the axial pressure system and the vacuum system are connected to a gas inlet of a three-way valve (17) by a gas intake pipe and two gas outlets of the three-way valve (17) are communicated with the simulation system respectively by a gas injection pipe (34) and an axial pressure pipe (370), and a pressure sensor I (1801) and a pipe valve I (401) are arranged on the gas injection pipe (34); the injection system is configured to inject, into the simulation system, methane gas that is used for synthesis of natural gas hydrates, and pressurize the methane gas to a pressure desired by synthesis of natural gas hydrates; the injection system comprises a methane gas cylinder (1), a pressure relief valve (2), a pipe valve II (402), a pressure regulating valve I (301), a booster pump (5), an air compressor (7), a cushion container (9), a gas flow control meter (11), a check valve (12) and a pipe valve III (403); the methane gas cylinder (1) is connected to the gas intake pipe by a first pipeline on which the pressure relief valve (2), the pipe valve II (402), the pressure regulating valve I (301), the gas flow control meter (11), the check valve (12) and the pipe valve III (403) are successively arranged; a gas intake end of the booster pump (5) is connected to the air compressor (7) by a second pipeline on which a pressure regulating valve II (302) is arranged; a gas discharge end of the booster pump (5) is connected to the first pipeline respectively by a third pipeline and a fourth pipeline; a joint of the third pipeline and the first pipeline is located between the pressure relief valve (2) and the pipe valve II (402), and a pipe valve IV (404) is arranged on the third pipeline; a joint of the fourth pipeline and the first pipeline is located between the pipe valve II (402) and the pressure regulating valve I (301), and a pipe valve V (405) and a pipe valve VI (406) are arranged on the fourth pipeline; a pressure gauge (15) is arranged on the cushion container (9); the cushion container (9) is connected to the fourth pipeline by a fifth pipeline; and a joint of the fifth pipeline and the fourth pipeline is located between the pipe valve V (405) and the pipe valve VI (406);
the jet breakup system is communicated with the simulation system by a jet pipe (31); the jet breakup system is configured to jet, to the simulation system, a high-pressure water flow that breaks natural gas hydrate-containing sediments already formed in the simulation system; the jet breakup system comprises a jet pump (20), the jet pipe (31), a jet nozzle (32) and a lifting mechanism (30); the jet pump (20) is connected to the jet pipe (31), and a pipe valve VII (407) is arranged between the jet pump (20) and the jet pipe (31); the jet pipe (31) penetrates through the top of a visual test cabin (28) of the simulation system and extends into the visual test cabin (28); the jet pipe (31) is fixed on the lifting mechanism (30); and the jet nozzle (32) is mounted at a jetting end of the jet pipe (31);
the annular pressure system is communicated with an annular pressure hole (38) on the visual test cabin (28); the annular pressure system is configured to provide, to the simulation system, a confining pressure of in-situ submarine natural gas hydrate-containing sediments; the annular pressure system comprises an annular pressure pump (27) and an annular pressure rubber sleeve (33); the annular pressure pump (27) is communicated with the annular pressure rubber sleeve (33) by a pipeline on which a pressure sensor II (1802) and a pipe valve VIII (408) are arranged; the annular pressure rubber sleeve (33) is arranged in the visual test cabin (28); a sealing strip (40) and a sealing ring (41) are arranged in a gap between the annular pressure rubber sleeve (33) and a front end cover (46) and a visual window (43);
the axial pressure system is communicated with the simulation system; the axial pressure system is configured to provide, to the simulation system, an axial pressure of in-situ submarine natural gas hydrate-containing sediments; the axial pressure system comprises a constant-flux pump (13), an axial pressure passage (37), an axial pressure loading chamber (35), a loading shaft (39) and a pressure plate (42); the constant-flux pump (13) is connected to the gas intake pipe by a sixth pipeline on which a pipe valve IX (409) is arranged; the axial pressure passage (37) is communicated with the axial pressure loading chamber (35) arranged in a rear end cover (36); one end of the loading shaft (39) is arranged in the axial pressure loading chamber (35), and the other end of the loading shaft (39) runs through the rear end cover (36) and into a visual test cabin body to be connected to the pressure plate (42); and the sealing strip (40) and the sealing ring (41) are arranged in a gap between the pressure plate (42) and the annular pressure rubber sleeve (33), a gap between the loading shaft (39) and the annular pressure rubber sleeve (33), a gap between the loading shaft (39) and the rear end cover (36), and a gap between the axial pressure loading chamber (35) and the rear end cover (36);
the backpressure system comprises a gas guide pipe, a backpressure valve (21), a backpressure pump (22) and a backpressure cushion container (10); one end of the gas guide pipe is communicated with the jet pipe (31), and the other end of the gas guide pipe is communicated with the backpressure cushion container (10); the backpressure valve (21), a pipe valve X (410) and a pressure sensor III (1803) are arranged on the gas guide pipe; the backpressure cushion container (10) is communicated with the backpressure pump (22); and a pipe valve XI (411) is arranged between the backpressure cushion container (10) and the backpressure pump (22);
the vacuum system comprises a vacuum meter (14), a vacuum container (16) and a vacuum pump (8); one end of the vacuum container (16) is connected to the vacuum pump (8), and the other end of the vacuum container (16) is connected to the gas intake pipe by a seventh pipeline on which a pipe valve XII (412), a safety valve (19) and a pressure sensor IV (1804) are successively arranged; and the vacuum meter (14) is arranged on the vacuum container (16);
the collecting and processing system comprises a pressure sensor I (1801), a pressure sensor II (1802), a pressure sensor III (1803), a pressure sensor IV (1804), a temperature sensor (29) and a control terminal (6); and the pressure sensor I (1801), the pressure sensor II (1802), the pressure sensor III (1803), the pressure sensor IV (1804) and the temperature sensor (29) are all communicatively connected to the control terminal (6);
the metering system comprises a dryer (23), a three-phase separator (24) and a micro-gas metering device (26); the three-phase separator (24) is communicated with the gas guide pipe; a gas discharge end on the top of the three-phase separator (24) is communicated with the micro-gas metering device (26); and the dryer (23) is arranged between the three-phase separator (24) and the micro-gas metering device (26); and
the simulation system comprises a thermostat (25), the visual test cabin (28), an overturning support (45) and a video camera (47); the overturning support (45) is arranged on the inner top of the thermostat (25); the visual test cabin (28) is arranged on the overturning support (45) and comprises the visual test cabin body, the front end cover (46) and the rear end cover (36), the front end cover (46) is fastened to a front end of the visual test cabin body by a sealing valve (44), and the visual window (43) is arranged on the front end cover (46); the rear end cover (36) is fastened to a rear end of the visual test cabin body by the sealing valve (44); the video camera (47) is arranged outside the visual test cabin (28) and faces the visual window (43).