US 11,052,404 B1
Apparatus for remediation of a copper and nickel co-contaminated soil and a method for using the same
Feng Lin, Nanjing (CN); Jun Li, Nanjing (CN); Zhaoyang Lu, Nanjing (CN); Lingxiang Wang, Nanjing (CN); Shunbin Li, Nanjing (CN); Jing Chen, Nanjing (CN); Tao Zhou, Nanjing (CN); and Cheng Xu, Nanjing (CN)
Assigned to ACADEMY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING & DESIGN, GROUP CO., LTD., NANJING UNIVERSITY, Nanjing (CN)
Appl. No. 17/256,177
Filed by ACADEMY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING & DESIGN, GROUP CO., LTD., NANJING UNIVERSITY, Nanjing (CN)
PCT Filed Mar. 23, 2020, PCT No. PCT/CN2020/080665
§ 371(c)(1), (2) Date Dec. 25, 2020,
PCT Pub. No. WO2021/012693, PCT Pub. Date Jan. 28, 2021.
Claims priority of application No. 201910674675.7 (CN), filed on Jul. 25, 2019.
Int. Cl. B02C 19/18 (2006.01); B02C 15/14 (2006.01); B09C 1/08 (2006.01); B02C 23/38 (2006.01)
CPC B02C 19/18 (2013.01) [B02C 15/14 (2013.01); B09C 1/085 (2013.01); B02C 23/38 (2013.01); B02C 2019/183 (2013.01)] 10 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. An apparatus for remediation of a copper and nickel co-contaminated soil, comprising a housing;
wherein
a crushing device is arranged at an upper part of an inside of the housing;
a sliding block is connected to both sides of a middle of an outer surface of the crushing device, a slide channel matched with the sliding block is provided at an upper part of an inner wall of the housing, and the crushing device is slidably connected to the slide channel through the sliding block;
a support rod is arranged at an upper part of an inside of the crushing device, and both ends of the support rod are fixedly connected to an inner wall of the crushing device; a first motor is fixedly connected to a middle of an upper surface of the support rod; an output shaft of the first motor penetrates the support rod and is connected to a crushing rod;
a crushing disc is arranged under the crushing rod, and an edge of the crushing disc is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the crushing device; an upper surface of the crushing disc is provided with a plurality of concentric crushing grooves, and each of the plurality of concentric crushing grooves is provided with a plurality of through holes; the plurality of through holes penetrate the crushing disc;
the crushing rod comprises a fixed rod and a roller, and a middle of the fixed rod is fixedly connected to a bottom end of the output shaft; the roller is sleeved on both sides of the fixed rod, and an outer surface of the roller is provided with crushing teeth matched with the plurality of concentric crushing grooves;
gear teeth are provided on both sides of a bottom end of the outer surface of the crushing device, and the gear teeth mesh with a teeth-uncompleted gear; two second motors are provided outside the housing, and rotating shafts of the two second motors are separately connected to the teeth-uncompleted gears;
a stirring device is arranged below the crushing device, and the stirring device comprises a spiral shaft; an upper side of the spiral shaft is fixedly connected to one end of each of a plurality of stirring rods, and a lower side of the spiral shaft is connected to a spiral blade; a small housing is connected to a middle of a lower surface of the housing; the spiral blade is located inside the small housing and contacts an inner wall of the small housing;
a feed cavity is formed inside the spiral shaft, and a vertical rod is connected to a side of a bottom end of the spiral shaft; a first end of the vertical rod is perpendicularly connected to the spiral shaft, and a second end of the vertical rod contacts the inner wall of the small housing; a lower surface of the vertical rod contacts an inner bottom surface of the small housing; the vertical rod is provided with a feed port, and the feed port communicates with the feed cavity; an auger is arranged inside the feed cavity, and the auger contacts an inner wall of the feed cavity;
a top of the feed cavity is provided with a sealing plate, and an edge of the sealing plate is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the feed cavity; a third motor is arranged on the sealing plate; the third motor penetrates the sealing plate and is connected to a top end of the auger;
a discharge port is provided at an upper part of the spiral shaft, and a rotating ring is arranged below the discharge port on an outer surface at the upper part of the spiral shaft; a rotating annular groove is provided on a side of the rotating ring, wherein the side of the rotating ring is adjacent to the spiral shaft; a top end of the spiral shaft is located inside a discharge bin, and a lower part of the discharge bin is located inside the rotating annular groove; a fourth motor is provided on a top end of an outer surface of the discharge bin, and the fourth motor penetrates the top end of the discharge bin and is connected to the spiral shaft; the outer surface of the discharge bin is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the housing through a supporting column;
an anode electrode and a cathode electrode are provided at both ends of an inner bottom of the housing, respectively; a sluice gate device is provided between the anode electrode and the plurality of stirring rods, and between the cathode electrode and the plurality of stirring rods; the sluice gate device comprises two sluice gate plates and a sluice gate; one side of the two sluice gate plates is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the housing; a sluice gate passage is provided on opposite sides of the two sluice gate plates; a bottom end of the sluice gate is slidably arranged inside the sluice gate passage, and a top end of the sluice gate is fixedly connected to a lower surface of the crushing device;
a sponge layer is connected between bottoms of the opposite sides of the two sluice gate plates; an elastic spring and a T-shaped rod are arranged inside the sponge layer, and the T-shaped rod is located inside the elastic spring;
the housing is provided with a first tapered water outlet under the anode electrode and a second tapered water outlet under the cathode electrode; each of the first tapered water outlet and the second tapered water outlet is provided with a truncated cone-shaped plug; a bottom end of the T-shaped rod penetrates a lower part of the housing and is connected to a lower surface of the truncated cone-shaped plug through a connecting rod;
a wastewater tank is arranged below each of the first tapered water outlet and the second tapered water outlet, and the wastewater tank is fixedly connected to an outer wall of the small housing; and
the first motor, the two second motors, the third motor, the fourth motor, the anode electrode and the cathode electrode are all electrically connected to a power source.