US 11,656,123 B2
Sensor
Chih-Ning Chen, Taipei (TW)
Assigned to ANPEC ELECTRONICS CORPORATION, Hsinchu (TW)
Filed by ANPEC ELECTRONICS CORPORATION, Hsinchu (TW)
Filed on Sep. 15, 2021, as Appl. No. 17/476,436.
Claims priority of application No. 110125422 (TW), filed on Jul. 12, 2021.
Prior Publication US 2023/0009395 A1, Jan. 12, 2023
Int. Cl. G01J 1/44 (2006.01); H03F 3/45 (2006.01)
CPC G01J 1/44 (2013.01) [H03F 3/45475 (2013.01); G01J 2001/446 (2013.01)] 5 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A sensor, comprising:
a photodiode, wherein an anode of the photodiode is grounded, and the photodiode is configured to convert energy of light passing through the photodiode into a photocurrent;
a first operational amplifier, wherein a first input terminal of the first operational amplifier is coupled to a reference voltage, and a second input terminal of the first operational amplifier is connected to a cathode of the photodiode;
a first current source, wherein a first terminal of the first current source is connected to the cathode of the photodiode and a second terminal of the first current source is grounded;
a first transistor, wherein a control terminal of the first transistor is connected to an output terminal of the first operational amplifier, and a first terminal of the first transistor is connected to the cathode of the photodiode;
a second transistor, wherein a control terminal of the second transistor is connected to the output terminal of the first operational amplifier;
a current mirror circuit including a third transistor, a fourth transistor and a fifth transistor, wherein a first terminal of the third transistor, a first terminal of the fourth transistor and a first terminal of the fifth transistor are coupled to the common voltage, a second terminal of the third transistor is connected to a second terminal of the first transistor and a control terminal of the third transistor, a control terminal of the fourth transistor is connected to the control terminal of the third transistor, a second terminal of the fourth transistor and a control terminal of the fifth transistor, and a second terminal of the fifth transistor is connected to a first terminal of the second transistor; and
a pre-charge capacitor, wherein a first terminal of the pre-charge capacitor is coupled to a common voltage, and a second terminal of the pre-charge capacitor is connected to the control terminal of the third transistor;
wherein the first current source supplies a current to the pre-charge capacitor to charge the pre-charge capacitor such that a voltage of the pre-charge capacitor increases to a target voltage value, the current is stored in the control terminal of the third transistor, then the light passes through the photodiode, the current is discharged from the third transistor through the first current source to a ground, and a current flowing through a second terminal of the second transistor is a current sensed by the sensor.