US 10,892,863 B2
Joint nulling and joint beamforming for downlink transmissions by multiple access points (AP)
Xiaogang Chen, Hillsboro, OR (US); Qinghua Li, San Ramon, CA (US); Feng Jiang, Santa Clara, CA (US); Po-Kai Huang, San Jose, CA (US); Laurent Cariou, Portland, OR (US); Robert J. Stacey, Portland, OR (US); Thomas J. Kenney, Portland, OR (US); and Ziv Avital, Raanana (IL)
Assigned to Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, CA (US)
Filed by Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, CA (US)
Filed on Sep. 10, 2019, as Appl. No. 16/566,478.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/750,161, filed on Oct. 24, 2018.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/729,377, filed on Sep. 10, 2018.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/729,269, filed on Sep. 10, 2018.
Prior Publication US 2020/0007283 A1, Jan. 2, 2020
Int. Cl. H04L 5/00 (2006.01); H04B 17/327 (2015.01); H04B 7/06 (2006.01); H04W 92/12 (2009.01); H04B 7/024 (2017.01); H04W 74/08 (2009.01)
CPC H04L 5/0035 (2013.01) [H04B 7/024 (2013.01); H04B 7/0617 (2013.01); H04B 17/327 (2015.01); H04W 74/085 (2013.01); H04W 92/12 (2013.01)] 4 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. An apparatus of an access point (AP), the AP configurable to operate as a master AP of a multi-AP group, the multi-AP group comprising the master AP and one or more satellite APs, the apparatus comprising: memory; and processing circuitry, wherein the processing circuitry is configured to, when the AP operates as the master AP:
select, from the multi-AP group, a set of APs that is to communicate with a station (STA) in accordance with joint processing, wherein the set of APs includes the master AP and one or more of the satellite APs of the multi-AP group;
allocate one or more spatial streams to each of the APs of the set of APs for a joint transmission of a null data packet (NDP) to the STA for channel sounding;
encode, for transmission, an NDP announcement (NDPA) that indicates that the APs of the set of APs are to perform the joint transmission of the NDP;
encode the NDP for a joint transmission, the NDP being jointly transmitted by the master AP and at least one other AP of the set, the NDP being jointly transmitted by the master AP in the one or more spatial streams allocated to the master AP and by the at least one other AP in one or more other spatial streams allocated by the master AP to the at least one other AP; and
decode beam-forming feedback from the STA related to reception of the jointly transmitted NDP,
wherein when the AP operates as the master AP, the processing circuitry is configured to determine, based on the beam-forming feedback, whether the APs of the set of APs are to perform joint beamforming for a data transmission to the STA or joint nulling toward the STA,
wherein:
the joint beam-forming includes simultaneous transmission of data to the STA, by the APs of the set of APs, on different spatial streams, and
the joint nulling includes, for each of the APs of the set of APs:
determination of beam-forming coefficients for which a corresponding transmission by the AP results in a null in terms of directional transmission energy toward the STA; and
transmission in accordance with the determined beam-forming coefficients.