US 10,892,407 B2
Apparatus and methods for electrical switching
Jeehwan Kim, Cambridge, MA (US); and Shinhyun Choi, Melrose, MA (US)
Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (US)
Filed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (US)
Filed on Sep. 28, 2018, as Appl. No. 16/146,438.
Application 16/146,438 is a division of application No. 15/388,785, filed on Dec. 22, 2016, granted, now 10,115,894.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/352,306, filed on Jun. 20, 2016.
Prior Publication US 2019/0036021 A1, Jan. 31, 2019
Int. Cl. H01L 45/00 (2006.01); G11C 13/00 (2006.01); H01L 27/24 (2006.01); H01L 29/06 (2006.01)
CPC H01L 45/08 (2013.01) [G11C 13/004 (2013.01); G11C 13/0011 (2013.01); G11C 13/0069 (2013.01); H01L 27/2472 (2013.01); H01L 29/0607 (2013.01); H01L 45/085 (2013.01); H01L 45/1266 (2013.01); H01L 45/1675 (2013.01); G11C 2013/0045 (2013.01); G11C 2013/0073 (2013.01); G11C 2213/11 (2013.01); G11C 2213/33 (2013.01); H01L 45/1246 (2013.01); H01L 45/148 (2013.01)] 20 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A method of actuating a device comprising a crystalline layer having at least one channel extending from a first side of the crystalline layer to a second side of the crystalline layer, a first electrode comprising an active material disposed on the first side of the crystalline layer, and a second electrode disposed on the second side of the crystalline layer, the method comprising:
applying a first voltage, having a first sign, across the first electrode and the second electrode, the first voltage causing a plurality of metal ions of the active material to form a conductive filament extending between the first electrode and the second electrode along the at least one channel.