US 10,891,870 B2
System and method for aiding the navigation of an aircraft within an airport
Nicolas Gros, Saint-Lys (FR); and Antoine Casta, Saint-Jean (FR)
Assigned to AIRBUS (S.A.S.), Blagnac (FR)
Filed by AIRBUS (S.A.S.), Blagnac (FR)
Filed on Sep. 10, 2018, as Appl. No. 16/126,383.
Claims priority of application No. 17 58473 (FR), filed on Sep. 13, 2017.
Prior Publication US 2019/0080622 A1, Mar. 14, 2019
Int. Cl. G08G 5/06 (2006.01); G08G 5/00 (2006.01); G01C 21/36 (2006.01); G01C 21/34 (2006.01); G08G 5/04 (2006.01); G01C 23/00 (2006.01)
CPC G08G 5/065 (2013.01) [G01C 21/3492 (2013.01); G01C 21/3667 (2013.01); G01C 23/005 (2013.01); G08G 5/0008 (2013.01); G08G 5/0013 (2013.01); G08G 5/0021 (2013.01); G08G 5/0078 (2013.01); G08G 5/0082 (2013.01); G08G 5/045 (2013.01)] 12 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A system for aiding ground navigation of an aided aircraft within an airport, the system comprising:
an airport navigation device configured to generate a ground route within the airport for the aided aircraft between a first position and a second position, the ground route divided into successive segments;
a position determination device configured to determine a current ground position of the aided aircraft;
a traffic surveillance device configured to identify a current location and type of each of other aircraft on each of the successive segments;
a computation unit configured to determine, for each of the successive segments, a congestion information item as a function of, at least, the current location and the type of each of the other aircraft on the segment; and
a display device on board the aided aircraft and configured to display, on at least one viewing screen in the aided aircraft, an airport map of the airport, a symbol of the aided aircraft on a position of the airport map corresponding to the current position of the aided aircraft, a plot on the airport map illustrating the ground route, and an indicator on or near each segment of the congestion information item corresponding to the segment,
wherein the computation unit is further configured to determine the congestion information item for each segment by:
designating, for each of the other aircraft on the segment, an occupancy zone on the segment corresponding to the other aircraft and the occupancy zone for each of the other aircraft is presented on the airport map with a length dependent on the type of the other aircraft and centered on the current position of the other aircraft.
 
5. A system for aiding ground navigation of an aided aircraft within an airport, the system comprising:
an airport navigation device configured to generate a ground route within the airport for the aided aircraft between a first position and a second position, the ground route divided into successive segments;
a position determination device configured to determine a current ground position of the aided aircraft;
a traffic surveillance device configured to identify a current location and type of each of other aircraft on each of the successive segments;
a computation unit configured to determine, for each of the successive segments, a congestion information item as a function of, at least, the current location and the type of each of the other aircraft on the segment; and
a display device on board the aided aircraft and configured to display, on at least one viewing screen in the aided aircraft, an airport map of the airport, a symbol of the aided aircraft on a position of the airport map corresponding to the current position of the aided aircraft, a plot on the airport map illustrating the ground route, and an indicator on or near each segment of the congestion information item corresponding to the segment,
wherein the computation unit is further configured, for each segment of the route, to:
sum lengths of the occupancy zones;
compare the sum with a length of the segment; and
determine the congestion information item based, in part, on the comparison.
 
9. A system for aiding ground navigation of an aided aircraft within an airport, the system comprising:
an airport navigation device configured to generate a ground route within the airport for the aided aircraft between a first position and a second position, the ground route divided into successive segments;
a position determination device configured to determine a current ground position of the aided aircraft;
a traffic surveillance device configured to identify a current location and type of each of other aircraft on each of the successive segments;
a computation unit configured to determine, for each of the successive segments, a congestion information item as a function of, at least, the current location and the type of each of the other aircraft on the segment; and
a display device on board the aided aircraft and configured to display, on at least one viewing screen in the aided aircraft, an airport map of the airport, a symbol of the aided aircraft on a position of the airport map corresponding to the current position of the aided aircraft, a plot on the airport map illustrating the ground route, and an indicator on or near each segment of the congestion information item corresponding to the segment,
wherein the computation unit is configured to determine a predicted individual journey time for each of the successive segments based on a reference speed for the segment and a length of the segment, and to compute at least one of:
a total journey time between the first and second positions along the ground route;
a remaining journey time between the current position of the aided aircraft and the second position,
wherein the total journey and the remaining journey time are computed based on a sum of the predicted individual journey times for either all of the successive segments or a sum of the segments including the current position of the aided aircraft and the second point.