US 10,889,043 B2
Device and method for cleaning an extruder for elastomer mixtures
Christophe Hombert, Clermont-Ferrand (FR)
Assigned to Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin, Clermont-Ferrand (FR)
Appl. No. 15/742,173
Filed by COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN, Clermont-Ferrand (FR)
PCT Filed Jul. 18, 2016, PCT No. PCT/EP2016/067085
§ 371(c)(1), (2) Date Jan. 5, 2018,
PCT Pub. No. WO2017/013080, PCT Pub. Date Jan. 26, 2017.
Claims priority of application No. 15 56801 (FR), filed on Jul. 17, 2015.
Prior Publication US 2018/0194054 A1, Jul. 12, 2018
Int. Cl. B29C 48/265 (2019.01); B29C 48/25 (2019.01); B29C 48/27 (2019.01); B29B 7/80 (2006.01); B29C 48/03 (2019.01); B29K 21/00 (2006.01); B29B 7/74 (2006.01)
CPC B29C 48/2562 (2019.02) [B29B 7/805 (2013.01); B29C 48/265 (2019.02); B29C 48/272 (2019.02); B29C 48/2715 (2019.02); B29B 7/7495 (2013.01); B29C 48/03 (2019.02); B29C 48/266 (2019.02); B29K 2021/00 (2013.01)] 11 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A device comprising:
a frame;
a barrel supported by the frame, the barrel having a longitudinal axis X-X′ and including an elastomeric-mixture feed inlet and an outlet that opens directly into an extrusion die mounted on a support;
a screw supported by the frame, the screw being rotatable about the axis X-X′ when the screw is rotationally driven by a driver; and
an automatic coupling mechanism,
wherein the frame is movably mounted to slide along a fixed guiding rail, such that the frame is translationally movable along the rail with respect to the die and the support in a direction parallel to the axis X-X′ between (1) a first position, in which the barrel and the die are in sealed contact with each other in order to allow the elastomeric mixture to pass through the die, and (2) a second position, in which the barrel is moved away from the die in order to allow cleaning to be performed,
wherein a parting line between the barrel and the die is axisymmetric with respect to the axis X-X′,
wherein the automatic coupling mechanism enables a locking and a unlocking of the barrel and the die, to allow the frame to move between the first and second positions when the barrel and the die are unlocked,
wherein the automatic coupling mechanism comprises a screw-nut system that includes (a) a first ring surrounding the barrel, (b) a second ring secured to the support and surrounding the die, the second ring being structured to collaborate with the first ring, and (c) a rotational driver for causing relative rotational turning between the first and second rings,
wherein the first ring comprises a plurality of inclined ramps,
wherein the second ring comprises a plurality of inclined ramps,
wherein the screw-nut system is configured such that when the barrel and the die are locked, (a) the first ring is radially within the second ring and (b) surfaces of the inclined ramps of the first ring bear on surfaces of the inclined ramps of the second ring,
wherein the inclined ramps of the first ring are first tenons that are uniformly distributed along a circumference of the first ring,
wherein the inclined ramps of the second ring are second tenons that are uniformly distributed along a circumference of the second ring,
wherein the first tenons of the first ring are structured to be axially slidable in spaces between the second tenons of the second ring when the automatic coupling mechanism is in an unlocked state,
wherein the second ring is rotatably secured to the support,
wherein the rotational driver comprises a latch-lock lever device that connects the second ring in an articulated manner to a rod of a translational-actuation actuating cylinder,
wherein the actuating cylinder is mounted so as to be pivotable about a hinge attached to the support,
wherein the latch-lock lever device comprises (1) a first link coupled via a pivot and a flange to the second ring, the pivot having an axis parallel to the axis X-X′ and (2) a second link coupled via a pivot to the support, the pivot having an axis parallel to the axis X-X′,
wherein the first link and the second link are arranged to pivot at a common articulation whose axis is parallel to the axis X-X′,
wherein when the actuating cylinder is driven to extend the rod, the rod applies pressure to the articulation which causes the second ring to rotate with respect to the support and with respect to the first ring, thereby causing the automatic coupling mechanism to lock, and
wherein when the actuating cylinder is driven to retract the rod, the rod applies a pulling force to the articulation which causes the second ring to rotate with respect to the support and with respect to the first ring, thereby causing the automatic coupling mechanism to unlock.