US 10,433,457 B2
Cooler and flow path unit
Tomoyoshi Kobayashi, Aichi (JP); Koji Hachiya, Hyogo (JP); and Eiji Shimoyama, Okayama (JP)
Assigned to OMRON CORPORATION, Kyoto (JP)
Filed by Tomoyoshi Kobayashi, Aichi (JP); Koji Hachiya, Hyogo (JP); and Eiji Shimoyama, Okayama (JP)
Filed on Feb. 8, 2017, as Appl. No. 15/427,364.
Claims priority of application No. 2016-023279 (JP), filed on Feb. 10, 2016.
Prior Publication US 2017/0231115 A1, Aug. 10, 2017
Int. Cl. F28D 15/00 (2006.01); F28F 13/12 (2006.01); F28F 7/00 (2006.01); H05K 7/20 (2006.01); F28F 1/02 (2006.01); F28F 1/40 (2006.01); F28F 3/12 (2006.01); F28F 9/02 (2006.01); H01L 23/473 (2006.01); F28F 9/22 (2006.01); F28D 21/00 (2006.01)
CPC H05K 7/20218 (2013.01) [F28F 1/022 (2013.01); F28F 1/025 (2013.01); F28F 1/40 (2013.01); F28F 3/12 (2013.01); F28F 9/0268 (2013.01); H01L 23/473 (2013.01); H05K 7/20254 (2013.01); F28D 2021/0029 (2013.01); F28F 2009/228 (2013.01)] 5 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A cooler comprising:
a narrow flow path that has a predetermined cross-sectional area;
a wide flow path that is connected to the narrow flow path, is in thermal contact with a heating body, and has a cross-sectional area greater than that of the narrow flow path;
at least one rectifying piece that is provided in an upstream portion of the wide flow path that is closer to the narrow flow path than a position being in thermal contact with the heating body,
wherein a fluid refrigerant flows through the narrow flow path and the wide flow path, and heat generated by the heating body is radiated, and
wherein the at least one rectifying piece comprises:
a single first angle portion that protrudes toward the narrow flow path; and
a first surface and a second surface that join at an acute angle to form the first angle portion; and
a connecting surface that connects the narrow flow path and the wide flow path,
wherein the connecting surface is inclined at an acute angle or perpendicular to a center axis of the wide flow path on a side connected to the narrow flow path,
wherein an angle of the second surface with respect to the center axis of the wide flow path from the first angle portion of the at least one rectifying piece is equal to or less than an angle of the connecting surface with respect to the center axis of the wide flow path on the side connected to the narrow flow path,
wherein the narrow flow path, the wide flow path and the connecting surface are symmetrically provided with respect to a center axis of the narrow flow path and the center axis of wide flow path,
wherein a plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces are provided symmetrically and at predetermined intervals with respect to the center axis of the narrow flow path and the center axis of wide flow path,
wherein the first surface and the second surface of each piece of the plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces are inclined so as to separate from the center axis of the wide flow path, and
wherein each piece of the plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces further comprises:
a third surface that is joined to the first surface and the second surface, and does not contact with the first angle portion,
a second angle portion that is formed by the second surface and the third surface which join at an obtuse angle, and
a third angle portion that is formed by the third surface and the first surface which join at an acute angle.
 
5. A flow path unit comprising:
wherein a fluid flows from a narrow flow path to a wide flow path;
wherein the narrow flow path that has a narrow predetermined cross-sectional area;
a wide flow path that is connected to a downstream side of the narrow flow path and has a cross-sectional area greater than that of the narrow flow path;
at least one rectifying piece that is provided in an upstream portion of the wide flow path;
at least one fin that is provided on a downstream side from the rectifying piece of the wide flow path, and
wherein the at least one rectifying piece comprises:
a single first angle portion that protrudes toward the narrow flow path; and
a first surface and a second surface that join at an acute angle to form the first angle portion; and
a connecting surface that connects the narrow flow path and the wide flow path,
wherein the connecting surface is inclined at an acute angle or perpendicular to a center axis of the wide flow path on the downstream side of the narrow flow path,
wherein an angle of the second surface with respect to the center axis of the wide flow path from the first angle portion of the rectifying piece is equal to or less than an angle of the connecting surface with respect to the center axis of the wide flow path on the side connected to the narrow flow path,
wherein the narrow flow path, the wide flow path and the connecting surface are symmetrically provided with respect to a center axis of the narrow flow path and the center axis of wide flow path,
wherein a plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces are provided symmetrically and at predetermined intervals with respect to the center axis of the narrow flow path and the center axis of wide flow path,
wherein the first surface and the second surface of each piece of the plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces are inclined so as to separate from the center axis of the wide flow path, and
wherein each piece of the plurality of the at least one rectifying pieces further comprises:
a third surface that is joined to the first surface and the second surface, and does not contact with the first angle portion,
a second angle portion that is formed by the second surface and the third surface which join at an obtuse angle, and
a third angle portion that is formed by the third surface and the first surface which join at an acute angle.