US 10,376,624 B2
Transcutaneous energy transfer systems
John Rudser, Miami, FL (US); and Stefan Schwarzbach, Wessling (DE)
Assigned to HeartWare, Inc., Miami Lakes, FL (US)
Filed by HeartWare, Inc., Miami Lakes, FL (US)
Filed on Apr. 14, 2015, as Appl. No. 14/686,245.
Claims priority of provisional application 61/979,835, filed on Apr. 15, 2014.
Prior Publication US 2015/0290379 A1, Oct. 15, 2015
Int. Cl. A61N 1/362 (2006.01); A61M 1/12 (2006.01); A61N 1/378 (2006.01); A61N 1/372 (2006.01); H01F 38/14 (2006.01); A61M 1/10 (2006.01); H02J 50/10 (2016.01)
CPC A61M 1/127 (2013.01) [A61N 1/3787 (2013.01); A61N 1/37229 (2013.01); H01F 38/14 (2013.01); A61M 1/1086 (2013.01); A61M 1/12 (2013.01); A61M 2205/8243 (2013.01); H02J 50/10 (2016.02)] 2 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A transcutaneous energy transfer system comprising:
a plurality of implanted electronics including an internal telemetry transmitter, an internal component comprising a power-consuming device and an internal coil electrically connected to the power-consuming device, the internal component being adapted for mounting within the body of an animal;
an external module housing a plurality of external electronics for communicating with the plurality of implanted electronics, the plurality of external electronics including an external telemetry receiver in communication with the internal telemetry transmitter;
an external coil adapted for mounting outside of the body;
a current monitor operative to measure current flow in the external coil and to provide an indication of whether or not the external coil is electromagnetically coupled to the internal coil based on the measured current flow;
an external control circuit for determining whether the plurality of implanted electronics are communicating with the plurality of external electronics;
a drive circuit operative to apply a power-level alternating potential to the external coil responsive to an indication from a coupling detection circuit that the external coil is electromagnetically coupled to the internal coil, and to apply an initial test-level alternating potential that is less than the potential required to operate the device and less than the power-level alternating potential to the external coil when not applying the power-level alternating potential, an amount of the applied alternating potential varying according to whether the internal coil and the internal telemetry transmitter of the plurality of implanted electronics are communicating with the external coil and the external telemetry transmitter of the plurality of external electronics; and
a control circuit operative to control the drive circuit responsive to information from the external telemetry receiver.