US 10,376,382 B2
Methods and apparatus for facilitating a posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure
Daniel Lieberman, Phoenix, AZ (US); John B. Kinnard, San Tan Valley, AZ (US); and Yani Deros, Phoenix, AZ (US)
Assigned to Phoenix Spine Holdings, Inc., Phoenix, AZ (US)
Filed by Phoenix Spine Holdings, Inc., Phoenix, AZ (US)
Filed on Nov. 16, 2016, as Appl. No. 15/353,428.
Prior Publication US 2018/0133022 A1, May 17, 2018
Int. Cl. A61F 2/46 (2006.01); A61F 2/44 (2006.01); A61F 2/30 (2006.01)
CPC A61F 2/447 (2013.01) [A61F 2/442 (2013.01); A61F 2/4611 (2013.01); A61F 2002/30426 (2013.01); A61F 2002/30556 (2013.01); A61F 2002/30563 (2013.01); A61F 2002/4475 (2013.01); A61F 2002/4615 (2013.01); A61F 2002/4627 (2013.01); A61F 2002/4628 (2013.01); A61F 2002/4687 (2013.01)] 3 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A system for use in a posterior interbody fusion procedure, the assembly comprising:
an interbody insert configured for fusing adjacent vertebrae, said interbody insert comprising a top surface and a bottom surface opposite to said top surface, a front surface and a back surface opposite to said front surface, and respective side surfaces opposite to each other, said surfaces are connected to each other forming the interbody insert;
a tool comprising an elongated shaft extending along a shaft longitudinal axis from a proximal end to a distal end, said shaft having a pair of tabs extending radially outward from said distal end;
a first sleeve piece extending along a first longitudinal axis from a proximal end to a distal end, said first sleeve piece having a first body portion and a first shank portion extending from the first body portion, a first internal ramp disposed within the first body portion, and a first circumferential groove portion formed in an outer surface of the first body portion, a first slot extending through the first shank configured for releasable engagement with one of the pair of tabs of the tool;
a second sleeve piece extending along a second longitudinal axis from a proximal end to a distal end, said second sleeve piece having a second body portion and a second shank portion extending from the second body portion, a second internal ramp disposed within the second body portion opposite the first internal ramp, and a second circumferential groove portion formed in an outer surface of the second body portion, a second slot extending through the second shank configured for releasable engagement with the other one of the pair of tabs of the tool;
each of the first and second shank portions having an outer surface and an inner surface, said inner surface defining an interior cavity having a base surface, and respective lateral surfaces for slidable engagement with one of the front surface and the back surface, and the respective side surfaces of the interbody insert;
wherein the first and second through slots extend through the inner and outer surfaces of the first and second shank portions, respectively; and
an elastic band encircling the first and second sleeve pieces and disposed within the first and second groove portions, said elastic band configured to urge the first and second sleeve pieces towards each other in a low profile configuration;
wherein:
the first and second shank portions extend distally from and form a shoulder with the first and second body portions, respectively, such that the shoulders extend transversely to the first and second body portions and the first and second shank portions, and wherein the first and second shank portions are configured to be inserted between the adjacent vertebrae during the fusion procedure by the tool while the shoulders are configured to contact outer surfaces of the adjacent vertebrae to limit the insertion of the first and second shank portions between the adjacent vertebrae;
the first and second internal ramps slope inwardly from the proximal of the first and second sleeve pieces, respectively, to a distal portion of the respective body portion, such that the first and second internal ramps together form a V shape opening therebetween through which the interbody insert travels during the surgical procedure; and
the first and second ramps are configured to urge the first and second pieces away from each other in an expanded configuration in response to downward force applied to the ramps by the interbody insert as an installation tool is urged downwardly against the top surface of the interbody insert pushing the interbody insert distally through the first and second sleeve pieces after the removal of the tool.