US 10,363,015 B2
Method and apparatus for determining the location of a medical instrument with respect to ultrasound imaging, and a medical instrument to facilitate such determination
Adrien Desjardins, London (GB)
Assigned to UCL BUSINESS PLC, London (GB)
Appl. No. 14/775,566
Filed by UCL Business PLC, London (GB)
PCT Filed Apr. 25, 2014, PCT No. PCT/GB2014/051286
§ 371(c)(1), (2) Date Sep. 11, 2015,
PCT Pub. No. WO2014/174305, PCT Pub. Date Oct. 30, 2014.
Claims priority of application No. 1307551.0 (GB), filed on Apr. 26, 2013; and application No. 1402759.3 (GB), filed on Feb. 17, 2014.
Prior Publication US 2016/0038119 A1, Feb. 11, 2016
Int. Cl. A61B 8/00 (2006.01); A61B 8/14 (2006.01); A61B 8/08 (2006.01); A61B 5/00 (2006.01); A61B 17/34 (2006.01); G01H 9/00 (2006.01); G02F 1/125 (2006.01); A61B 34/20 (2016.01); A61B 90/00 (2016.01)
CPC A61B 8/4477 (2013.01) [A61B 5/0059 (2013.01); A61B 8/0841 (2013.01); A61B 8/14 (2013.01); A61B 8/4416 (2013.01); A61B 8/4444 (2013.01); A61B 8/4483 (2013.01); A61B 8/4488 (2013.01); A61B 8/4494 (2013.01); A61B 8/463 (2013.01); A61B 8/5207 (2013.01); A61B 17/3403 (2013.01); A61B 34/20 (2016.02); G01H 9/004 (2013.01); G02F 1/125 (2013.01); A61B 5/0095 (2013.01); A61B 2017/3413 (2013.01); A61B 2034/2063 (2016.02); A61B 2090/378 (2016.02); A61B 2090/3786 (2016.02)] 20 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. An ultrasound system comprising:
an ultrasound unit including an ultrasound probe for acquiring an anatomical image of a human body and for locating a medical instrument with respect to said anatomical image, the ultrasound probe including a first set of imaging transducer elements and a second set of localisation transducer elements, wherein the first set of imaging transducer elements are distinct and disjoint from the second set of localisation transducer elements, wherein: the first set of imaging transducer elements are configured to: (i) produce ultrasound imaging transmissions into the human body, wherein the ultrasound imaging transmissions are focussed into an image scan plane, and (ii) receive reflections of the ultrasound imaging transmissions for generating a two-dimensional anatomical image corresponding to the image scan plane; and wherein the second set of localisation transducer elements are configured to produce ultrasound localisation transmissions into the human body for locating the medical instrument with respect to the two-dimensional anatomical image, wherein the ultrasound localisation transmissions extend outside the image scan plane, such that at least four localisation transducer elements from said second set are spaced from one another in a direction perpendicular to the image scan plane so as to be arranged at four or more different offsets from the image scan plane; and
a sensor console for receiving signals from a transducer that correspond to the localisation transmissions;
wherein the ultrasound system is configured to process the received signals to determine the location of the medical instrument within the human body relative to the ultrasound probe based on the received signals.